What is Apraxia?
Apraxia is an acquired disorder that results from damage to the brain or nervous system, following:
- Brain tumor
- Neurodegenerative illness
- Head injury
Apraxia of speech is frequently associated with aphasia and can range in severity from mild to severe.
Apraxia can impair a person’s speech production, oral movements or limbs.
Verbal Apraxia (apraxia of speech)
- Is a motor planning or programming problem
- Unable to coordinate the muscles of speech to say voluntary speech
- Has difficulty combining sounds and syllables into intelligible words
- Saying longer words is harder than simple or short words
- Has inconsistent mistakes characterizes speaking pattern
- Repeating words or sounds is difficult
- May clearly recite a prayer or the Pledge of Allegiance
- Is unable to produce non-speech oral movements voluntarily with tongue or lips
- May not protrude tongue on request but will successfully lick an ice cream cone without struggle
- May appear not to understand some directions (such as “throw a kiss”) but may be the result of oral apraxia not aphasia
Some people with apraxia communicate with profanity.
People with limb apraxia have trouble with the following:
- Cleaning their teeth
- Performing a gesture (such as waving goodbye)
- Do a learned activity when provided certain objects (such as combing their hair with a spoon)
People with apraxia are frequently frustrated and show signs of depression.